Are you a landlord in Missouri? If so, do you understand the Missouri landlord-tenant law?
The relationship between Missouri landlords and tenants is guided by the statewide Landlord-Tenant Act. As a landlord, you must always abide by these laws.
In this post, we’re offering a basic overview of the landlord-tenant laws in Missouri.
Required Landlord Disclosures
Before a tenant moves in, you must make certain information known to them. Different states have different requirements.
In Missouri, here are the disclosures you need to make to your tenants:
- Your name and address. You must provide your tenant with your name and address.
- Your landlord responsibilities. In Missouri, you’re required to disclose to your tenants a list of your responsibilities.
- Your tenant’s responsibilities. You are also obligated to educate your tenant on what obligations they have under the lease.
- Use of lead-based paint. Using lead-based paint in rental properties was banned in 1978 as it is linked to health concerns. As a result, you are required to disclose to your tenants any known use of lead-based paint on their property.
- Criminal activity at the rental premises. Has your rental premises ever been used for criminal activities, such as drug manufacturing? If so, you must make that information known to any tenant that shows interest in renting the rental unit.
Missouri Tenants’ Rights & Responsibilities
Missouri tenants have a right to:
- Live in a home that is clean, sanitary and habitable, and that meets all the basic health, safety and building codes.
- Be provided adequate notice when the landlord is looking to make changes to the terms of the lease agreement.
- Request repairs and have them done within a reasonable period of time.
- Remain in the rental premises until the landlord follows the proper eviction process to remove them.
- Be treated fairly and equally according to the stipulations of the Fair Housing Act.
- Enjoy their rented premises in quiet and peace, without unnecessary disruptions.
When it comes to responsibilities, Missouri tenants must:
- Always keep their rented premises clean and sanitary.
- Abide by all terms of the lease agreement, including paying rent on time.
- Inform the landlord when maintenance issues crop up.
- Let the landlord know when they won’t be in their home for an extended period of time.
- Keep the noise levels within a reasonable limit.
Missouri Landlords’ Rights & Responsibilities
Missouri landlords have a right to:
- Receive proper notice from a tenant who is looking to vacate their rental premises.
- Enter their tenant’s rental premises to carry out important landlording responsibilities, such as carrying out routine inspections.
- Make changes to the lease agreement as long as their tenant has provided them their consent.
- Receive proper notice from a tenant who is looking to be away for an extended period of time.
- Make deductions to their tenant’s security deposit under certain situations.
- Evict their tenant under certain circumstances.
As for responsibilities, Missouri landlords must:
- Ensure that their tenants’ maintenance requests are handled within a reasonable period of time.
- Ensure all common areas are maintained.
- Abide by all terms of the lease agreement.
- Notify the tenant when looking to access their rented premises.
- Handle the security deposit in accordance with the law.
Basic Overview of the Missouri Landlord-Tenant Laws
1. Landlord Entry
As a landlord in Missouri, you have a right to enter your tenant’s rented premises under certain conditions.
You may enter the property for the following reasons:
- To perform needed or requested repairs.
- To show the unit to prospective tenants, buyers or lenders.
- Under orders of the court.
- If you have sufficient reasons to believe the tenant has abandoned the unit.
- To inspect the unit.
Some states require landlords to provide a notice to their tenants prior to entering the rental unit. However, there is no statute in Missouri regarding landlord entry.
Nevertheless, most landlords still provide their tenants with a 24-hour notice prior to entering their units.
2. Eviction Laws
You may be able to evict your tenant under certain circumstances.
The following are the most common legally justified reasons for evicting a tenant:
- Property damage exceeding normal wear and tear.
- Nonpayment of rent.
- Gross violation of the lease agreement, such as subletting without landlord permission.
- Criminal activity on the premises.
- Failure to move out once the lease has ended.
To start the eviction process against a tenant, you must first terminate the lease agreement. Specifically, you must serve the tenant an eviction notice. The type of eviction notice you serve your tenant will depend on the violation committed.
3. Security Deposit Rules
Missouri landlords have a right to collect a security deposit from their tenants. The security deposit acts as a safety net against any liabilities that may arise during the life of the lease.
If you ask for a security deposit from your tenants, you must abide by the Missouri security deposit rules. Read here for more information on the state’s security deposit laws.
4. Housing Discrimination
As a landlord, you have a responsibility to treat your tenants equally and fairly. According to The Missouri Fair Housing Laws, you must not discrimination against your tenants based on color, race, disability, ancestry, religion, familial status and national origin.
Understanding the Missouri landlord-tenant law is crucial! We hope this post was helpful!
Should you have further questions, feel free to reach out to St Louis Property Management.
Disclaimer: This article isn’t a substitute for professional legal advice. Laws may change and this post may not be updated at the time you read it. If you still have some questions, kindly consider hiring a qualified attorney or an experienced property management company.